Of Túrin Turambar
Túrin was a human tragic hero of The Silmarillion. Because his father defied the will of Melkor (the main villain), Melkor “intends to bring about the ruin of his enemy by the force of his own gigantic will.” (Introduction, The Children of Húrin). Túrin becomes aware of Melkor’s attention and strives to escape his fate. At one stage, Túrin even adopts the name Turambar – which means “master of doom”. This title is also claimed by Melkor – “the master of the fates of Arda”. They are locked in a duel of wills. This is addressed by Nietzsche in the concept of “amor fati”.
Amor fati is a Latin phrase that loosely translates to “love of fate” or “love of one’s fate”. It is used to describe an attitude in which one sees everything that happens in one’s life, including suffering and loss, as good. Wikipedia
This also reminds me of Ulmo (one of the powerful Valar): “in the armour of Fate”…”there is ever a rift, and in the walls of Doom a breach”… “So it shall be while I endure, a secret voice that gainsayeeth, and a light where darkness was decreed.” (Unfinished Tales)
This suggests Nietzsche is again at odds with Tolkien. Fate should be fought against or embraced depending on who you listen to.
Sauron, Sam and Will to Power
“[The Will to Power] is a psychological principle of human behavior that every being seeks to extend its sphere of action and influence: to consolidate itself.” Introducing Nietzsche, Laurence Gane.
“A living thing seeks above all to discharge its strength — life itself is will to power” Beyond Good and Evil
You quoted an important passage which illustrates why Sauron’s concept of power is not the same as Will to Power.
“The one small garden of a free gardener was all his need and due, not a garden swollen to a realm; his own hands to use, not the hands of others to command.” (Emphasis mine) LOTR
Sam still regards a garden of his own as his due. He realized that having slaves to do his gardening was not in his interests. But he would exercise his own gardening “power” using his hands alone.
“The sharp-eyed courage that tempts and attempts, that craves the frightful as the enemy, the worthy enemy, against whom one can test one’s strength?” (Birth of Tragedy)
Nietzsche says our “enemies” (i.e. challenges in our life) must be matched to our ability. There is no happiness in having a garden that is really tiny or one what is the size of Mordor. The worthy enemy is matched to Sam and his particular abilities – i.e. a “one small garden”.
To conclude why Sauron is misguided and Sam is correct, Nietzsche said:
“But I have found strength where one does not look for it: in simple, mild, and pleasant people, without the least desire to rule—and, conversely, the desire to rule has often appeared to me a sign of inward weakness: they fear their own slave soul and shroud it in a royal cloak (in the end, they still become the slaves of their followers, their fame, etc.)” Friedrich Nietzsche, Nachlass
Anti Citizen One